A Trajetória Dos Movimentos Sociais: Do Apogeu Ao Declínio?.
JANDIRA DANTAS DOS SANTOS (Author)
The present article brings some reflections from bibliographic sources on the genesis of social movements and their perception in the present day. It is not intended to carry out an exhaustive study on the subject, but rather to elicit inferences about the claiming character of social movements and the pacifist reactions proposed by NGOs in the petition of emerging social needs.
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) offers the opportunity for a rigorous approach of math concepts, by activating more senses and increasing at the same time the motivation for learning. However, appropriate adjustments of both the content and the teaching practice are required. These adjustments ensure a framework for the utilization of ICT. The research presented here is a quantitative empirical study on the performance of sixth-grade students after the use of math educational software. The random sample, consisting of 42 students, and was drawn from the sixth-grade class of a public school. The software was used for 20 hours, to teach fractions to groups of four or five children at the computer classroom. Before and after the use of the software, the students took a test consisting of exercises on fractions. The results showed that after the use of math educational software, there was an improvement in the results of the mathematics test.
The Paradox of the Standard Clauses of Therapeutic Agreement and Legal Protection of Patients
Iran Sahril (Author)
This study is intended to analyze, review and find the "Paradox of the Standard Clauses of Therapeutic Agreement and Legal Protection of Patients". In Indonesia, the concept of the doctor and patient relationship, known as the Health Services Therapeutic Agreement, still uses the standard clauses of the Indonesian Consumer Protection Act which are considered to be no longer in line with legal developments in Indonesia. This study uses the Legal Protection Theory, Health Theory, and Agreement Theory as Grand Theory, Middle Range Theory and Applied Theory supported by Normative Juridical methods based on positive law (dogmatic) to examine and review secondary data referring to law or regulation with other regulations applied in the community. This study includes research on the principles of law, legislation, comparative law, normative law, and legal history. This study found: (1) The implementation of standard clauses has not yet materialized legal protection for patients, both from the perspective of the Consumer Protection Law, the Health Law and the Hospital Law, bearing in mind that the Indonesian Consumer Protection Act is no longer in line with legal developments in Indonesia, (2) The Court's verdict on malpractice cases so far has not been completely resolved in realizing legal protection for patients. As a Recommendation: (1) It is recommended that Regulators update the regulations that govern more specifically the distinction of standard clauses in the economic field from health services, (2) It is recommended that Regulators revise or update regulations on the Health Law which governs more specifically about standard clauses (informed consent) in health services.
Implementation of Regional Regulation in Supporting Regional Autonomy
Sugeng Santoso (Author)
In the atmosphere of regional autonomy, there are so many problems that are overwhelming the regions so that the regions will want to regulate and determine anything freely through regional regulations. In addition, the substance of regional autonomy is not clearly understood in its meaning so that at the level of its implementation many reap the error bias. This problem arises because of the tendency to think of some bureaucrats in South Tangerang City who consider that the main parameter determining the independence of a region in autonomy lies in the amount of Regional Own-Source Revenue. Another problem is juridical technical in the form of regulations which are used as a legal basis for the regions to collect the Regional Own-Source Revenue, both from taxes and from Regional Retribution. The research method used in this study is a normative juridical method that is in answering problems using a legal perspective based on applicable laws and regulations, to then be associated with the situation in the field related to the discussion of the problem. From the results of research on the regional regulations bill proposed by the regional government of South Tangerang City, particularly those related to regional taxes, have not paid attention to the principles of establishing good regional regulations, particularly the principle of transparency, because the purpose of forming regional regulations are all the same, namely in order to increase the regional own-source revenue in order to optimize the implementation of the regional autonomy.
Practices of Participative Leadership in Relation to Professional Competency of Principals at Saudi Kindergartens.
Dr Nahla M. Gahwaji (Author)
The research aimed to identify the extent of practicing participative leadership for the kindergarten principals from the teachers’ prospective, and how principals’ practices of participative leadership’s pattern contributes in determining the level of their professional competency. Also, this research aimed to identify variances amongst sample responses in accordance to the research variables (qualifications, educational background, and years of experience for principals). The statistical-descriptive approach is used, where a random sample of teachers at public kindergartens in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia were adopted. A survey was sent to (5) teachers in each public kindergarten, which is equivalent to a total of (165) teachers representing (39%) of the population. However, the retrieved number of surveys was (120) teachers. The research gathered information through a survey, which consisted of two parts; the first part covers demographic data, and the second part covers two sections: 1) participative leadership divided into four dimensions (practice, decision-making, characteristics of participative managers, and human relations) which is consisted of (46) items, and 2) professional competency divided into four areas (planning and implementation, guidance, monitoring and evaluation, sustainable professional growth) which consisted of (24) items. The research results were as follow: The level of practicing participative leadership scored high in all dimensions with a mean of (4.19). Similarly, the professional competency level of principals is high in all areas with a mean of (4.24). While, there were significant differences at the level of practicing participative leadership dimensions and professional competency fields in accordance to the research variables, there were also a high correlation between the level of participative leadership and professional competency with a value of (0.923) at a significance of (0.05). The research recommended providing training and development programs in leadership generally and participative leadership particularly for kindergartens’ principals, likewise, incorporating participative leadership skills in the principal’s annual evaluation form. One of the contributions of the research is the list of professional competency areas (derived from the research tool) for the process of nominating kindergarten principal to raise the applicant' efficiency level. The research highlighted the importance of adopting an educational participative leadership program within the preparation programs for school leaders and teachers’ training programs.
Social Science and Humanities Journal (SSHJ) It is an international refereed journal in English published Monthly.
The SSHJ is an international peer-reviewed, electronic, online journal in English that provides rapid publication of articles in all areas of the social science, humanity and linguistics. The SSHJ will cater to needs of all those researchers and academicians looking forward to contribute through their knowledge, skills and abilities in the field of social science & humanity. The SSHJ is a publication model that enables the wide dissemination of research articles to the global community without restriction. Thus, all articles published under open access can be accessed by anyone with internet connection.
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