Articles

The Paradox of the Standard Clauses of Therapeutic Agreement and Legal Protection of Patients

Iran Sahril
Postgraduate, Universities Jayabaya, Jakarta, Indonesia
Online First: October 03, 2019
| Google Scholar
[1]
I. Sahril, “The Paradox of the Standard Clauses of Therapeutic Agreement and Legal Protection of Patients”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1521-1529, Oct. 2019.

Abstract

This study is intended to analyze, review and find the "Paradox of the Standard Clauses of Therapeutic Agreement and Legal Protection of Patients". In Indonesia, the concept of the doctor and patient relationship, known as the Health Services Therapeutic Agreement, still uses the standard clauses of the Indonesian Consumer Protection Act which are considered to be no longer in line with legal developments in Indonesia. This study uses the Legal Protection Theory, Health Theory, and Agreement Theory as Grand Theory, Middle Range Theory and Applied Theory supported by Normative Juridical methods based on positive law (dogmatic) to examine and review secondary data referring to law or regulation with other regulations applied in the community. This study includes research on the principles of law, legislation, comparative law, normative law, and legal history. This study found: (1) The implementation of standard clauses has not yet materialized legal protection for patients, both from the perspective of the Consumer Protection Law, the Health Law and the Hospital Law, bearing in mind that the Indonesian Consumer Protection Act is no longer in line with legal developments in Indonesia, (2) The Court's verdict on malpractice cases so far has not been completely resolved in realizing legal protection for patients. As a Recommendation: (1) It is recommended that Regulators update the regulations that govern more specifically the distinction of standard clauses in the economic field from health services, (2) It is recommended that Regulators revise or update regulations on the Health Law which governs more specifically about standard clauses (informed consent) in health services.

References

Badan Pembinaan Hukum Nasional. Simposium Aspek-Aspek Hukum Masalah Perlindungan konsumen, Badan Pembinaan Hukum Nasional, Jakarta, 1980.
Bahder Johan Nasution, Hukum Kesehatan Pertanggungjawaban Dokter, Rineka Cipta, Surabaya, 2005.
Bernard L.Tanya, Yoan N. Simanjuntak, & Markus Y. Hage, Teori Hukum. Strategi Tertib Manusia Lintas Ruang Generasi, Jakarta: Genta Publishing, 2010.
Bambang Sukarjono. “Liabilitas Hukum Pihak Rumah Sakit Terhadap Pasien (Studi tentang Perlindungan Konsumen/Pasien Dan Tanggung jawab Pihak Rumah Sakit Dalam Transaksi Terapeutik Pada Rumah Sakit Islam Siti Aisyah Madiun, Jurnal Hukum dan Sosial, Volume 10 Nomor 2 (2009).
Cecep Triwibowo, Etika dan Hukum Kesehatan, Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika, 2014.
Dahlan, Sofwan. Hukum Kesehatan. Rambu-Rambu Bagi Profesi Dokter. Semarang: Badan Penerbit UNDIP, Semarang, 2000.
Harahap, M.Yahya, Segi-Segi Hukum Perjanjian, Bandung: PT. Alumni, 1986.
Margarita Veani. P., “Penyelesaian Sengketa Medik Antara Pasien dengan Dokter dan/atau Dokter Gigi Serta rumah Sakit Demi Mewujudkan Hak Pasien”, Paper at the Faculty of Health, Atmajaya University, Yogyakarta, 2014.
Max Weber dalam Putri Ayu Wulan Sari, Teori Kontrak Emile Durkheim, published in Beberapa Pendekatan Ekonomi Dalam Hukum, (Pusat Studi Hukum Tata Negara FHUI, Depok), 2003.
M. Nasser, “Sengketa Medik Dalam Pelayanan Kesehatan”, “The Annual Scientific Meeting” Seminar, UGM-Yogyakarta, Lustrum FK UGM, March 3, 2011
Richard A. Posner, Economic Analysis of Law, 2d Edition. Brown and Company. Boston and Toronto, see Suryana and Suwasti, “Perlindungan Konsumen Ditinjau dari Perjanjian Baku”, Jurnal Ilmiah Ganec Swara, Vol. 3, No.2 (2009), 1977.
Soerjono Soekanto, Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penegakan Hukum, Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada 2005.
Subekti, Hukum Perjanjian, Jakarta: PT. Intermasa, 1995.
Veronica Komalawati Dewi, Hukum dan Etika Dalam Praktik Dokter, Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan, 1989.
The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 8 of 1999 concerning Consumer Protection.
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 29 of 2004 concerning Medical Practices,
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 36 of 2009 concerning Health.
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 44 of 2009 concerning Hospitals.
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 36 of 2014 concerning Health Workers.
Law Number 12 of 2005 concerning Ratification of the International Covenant and on Civil and Political Rights
Civil Code
Minister of Health Regulation No. 290 concerning Approval of Medical Measures.
Published October 3, 2019
Keywords
  • Health law, legal protection, health service, therapeutic relationships
How to Cite
[1]
I. Sahril, “The Paradox of the Standard Clauses of Therapeutic Agreement and Legal Protection of Patients”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1521-1529, Oct. 2019.

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References

Badan Pembinaan Hukum Nasional. Simposium Aspek-Aspek Hukum Masalah Perlindungan konsumen, Badan Pembinaan Hukum Nasional, Jakarta, 1980.
Bahder Johan Nasution, Hukum Kesehatan Pertanggungjawaban Dokter, Rineka Cipta, Surabaya, 2005.
Bernard L.Tanya, Yoan N. Simanjuntak, & Markus Y. Hage, Teori Hukum. Strategi Tertib Manusia Lintas Ruang Generasi, Jakarta: Genta Publishing, 2010.
Bambang Sukarjono. “Liabilitas Hukum Pihak Rumah Sakit Terhadap Pasien (Studi tentang Perlindungan Konsumen/Pasien Dan Tanggung jawab Pihak Rumah Sakit Dalam Transaksi Terapeutik Pada Rumah Sakit Islam Siti Aisyah Madiun, Jurnal Hukum dan Sosial, Volume 10 Nomor 2 (2009).
Cecep Triwibowo, Etika dan Hukum Kesehatan, Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika, 2014.
Dahlan, Sofwan. Hukum Kesehatan. Rambu-Rambu Bagi Profesi Dokter. Semarang: Badan Penerbit UNDIP, Semarang, 2000.
Harahap, M.Yahya, Segi-Segi Hukum Perjanjian, Bandung: PT. Alumni, 1986.
Margarita Veani. P., “Penyelesaian Sengketa Medik Antara Pasien dengan Dokter dan/atau Dokter Gigi Serta rumah Sakit Demi Mewujudkan Hak Pasien”, Paper at the Faculty of Health, Atmajaya University, Yogyakarta, 2014.
Max Weber dalam Putri Ayu Wulan Sari, Teori Kontrak Emile Durkheim, published in Beberapa Pendekatan Ekonomi Dalam Hukum, (Pusat Studi Hukum Tata Negara FHUI, Depok), 2003.
M. Nasser, “Sengketa Medik Dalam Pelayanan Kesehatan”, “The Annual Scientific Meeting” Seminar, UGM-Yogyakarta, Lustrum FK UGM, March 3, 2011
Richard A. Posner, Economic Analysis of Law, 2d Edition. Brown and Company. Boston and Toronto, see Suryana and Suwasti, “Perlindungan Konsumen Ditinjau dari Perjanjian Baku”, Jurnal Ilmiah Ganec Swara, Vol. 3, No.2 (2009), 1977.
Soerjono Soekanto, Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penegakan Hukum, Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada 2005.
Subekti, Hukum Perjanjian, Jakarta: PT. Intermasa, 1995.
Veronica Komalawati Dewi, Hukum dan Etika Dalam Praktik Dokter, Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan, 1989.
The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 8 of 1999 concerning Consumer Protection.
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 29 of 2004 concerning Medical Practices,
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 36 of 2009 concerning Health.
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 44 of 2009 concerning Hospitals.
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 36 of 2014 concerning Health Workers.
Law Number 12 of 2005 concerning Ratification of the International Covenant and on Civil and Political Rights
Civil Code
Minister of Health Regulation No. 290 concerning Approval of Medical Measures.
Published October 3, 2019
Keywords
  • Health law, legal protection, health service, therapeutic relationships
How to Cite
[1]
I. Sahril, “The Paradox of the Standard Clauses of Therapeutic Agreement and Legal Protection of Patients”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1521-1529, Oct. 2019.
No Supplimentary Material available for this article.
Published October 3, 2019
Keywords
  • Health law, legal protection, health service, therapeutic relationships
How to Cite
[1]
I. Sahril, “The Paradox of the Standard Clauses of Therapeutic Agreement and Legal Protection of Patients”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1521-1529, Oct. 2019.

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Published October 3, 2019
Keywords
  • Health law, legal protection, health service, therapeutic relationships
How to Cite
[1]
I. Sahril, “The Paradox of the Standard Clauses of Therapeutic Agreement and Legal Protection of Patients”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1521-1529, Oct. 2019.

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  • Iran Sahril

  • Published October 3, 2019
    Keywords
    • Health law, legal protection, health service, therapeutic relationships
    How to Cite
    [1]
    I. Sahril, “The Paradox of the Standard Clauses of Therapeutic Agreement and Legal Protection of Patients”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1521-1529, Oct. 2019.