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An Assessment of Career Self-Efficacy Belief as a Mediator in the Relationship between Self-Esteem and Career Choice Behavior among Secondary School Students in Migori Sub-County, Kenya

Polycarp Owino Gor, Lucas Othuon, Wycliffe Humphrey Odiwuor

Abstract


Previous studies indicate that career choice has become a problem to secondary school students all over the world, Kenya included. Migori sub-county in Kenya is particularly disadvantaged in terms of career development in comparison with neighboring sub-counties such as Kisii. The purpose of this study was to establish the mediating role of career self-efficacy belief in the relationship between self-esteem and career choice behavior among secondary school students in Migori sub-county. Descriptive Survey Design and Correlation Design were used. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Career Decision Scale and Career Decision Making Self Efficacy Scale-Short Form were used to collect data from 322 students that was sampled from a target population of 2010 students. Test-re-test reliability was estimated by Pearson’s r which yielded a value of .82 for Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, .80 for Career Decision Scale and .84 for Career Decision Making Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics that included frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations. Structural Equation Modeling was used to make statistical inference using model fit and regression estimates. The study revealed that career self-efficacy belief mediates in the relationship between self-esteem and career choice behavior. It was concluded that self-esteem does influence career choice behavior and that this influence can be further improved with the introduction of career self-efficacy belief. It was however noted that career counselors were unaware of career self-efficacy belief and therefore the study recommended organization of in-service training for career counselors to enlighten them on the role of career self-efficacy belief in the career choice process so that they aid in improving it to enhance students’ career choice. The findings are significant to the students, career counselors and policy makers to improve students’ career choice by raising their self-esteem and career self-efficacy belief.

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