The Impact of Education on Knowledge and Attitude of Medical Students about the Abuse of Prescription Drugs in Iran

  • Mehdi Nobakht MD Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, ZanjanUniversity of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
  • Abolfazl Ghoreishi MD Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
Keywords: Education, attitude, awareness, abuse, drugs


Background: The abuse of prescription drugs is considered as an important challenge for societies. Regarding many factors contributing to this challenge and its negative impact especially on young and educated people, there is an attempt in this paper to survey the impact of education on knowledge and attitude of medical students about the abuse of prescription drugs. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study which was conducted on medical students. Two groups of 53 medical students were selected as participants for both intervention group and control group.These participants were studied using the researcher-made questionnaires about knowledge and attitude towardthe abuse of prescription drugs. Results: Education plays a significant role in both raising the students’awareness and changing their attitude about the abuse of prescription drugs (p value < 0.0001). The age variable had a significant relationship with pre-training knowledge. The female participants had less pre-training knowledge about drug abuse (p value < 0.001) so that it was not observed after intervention. Conclusion: It is suggested that education can be considered as a strategy to prevent drug abuse and reduce the demand for drug abuse by raising the awareness and amending the attitudes as well as promoting the anticonsumption culture


1. MohhamadpurA, FakhariA, RostamiF, VahidiR, DastgiriS: Epidemiological study of
psychotropic drugs and alcohol consumption amonghigh school male students in Tabriz. Journal
ofArdabilUniversity of Medical Sciences. 2007; 4: 400-408.
2. Melchior M, Chollet A, Elidemir G, Galéra C, Younès N: Unemployment and Substance Use in
Young Adults: Does Educational Attainment Modify the Association?. Eur Addict Res
3. MoghadamH. H, FarnaghiF, SarjamiS, ZirakzadehH: The knowledge of medical studens of the
ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences about ecstasy. Journal of Medical Sciences of
Qannoon.2007; 3: 131-128.
4. SadrabadAK, ChavoshzadehZ, RadmaneshMH, MahdiA: The effectiveness of healthy behavior
training program in students' attitudes towards drug abuse and decrease of vulnerability to
addiction. Journal of Substance Abuse Addiction Research. 2010; 14: 76-63.
5. AsgariS, AminiF, NaderiG, RoozbahaniR:Addiction risk factors for cardiovascular
disease.Journal of the Birjand University of Medical Sciences. 2009; 15: 40-45.
6. Studies and Research Office of Drug Control Headquarters:The effect of public education on the
prevention of addiction. Journal of Correction and Rehabilitation. 1996; 41: 31-50.
7. Ayu AP, Schellekens AFA, Iskandar S, Pinxten L, De Jong CAJ:Effectiveness and Organization
of Addiction Medicine Training Across the Globe. Eur Addict Res 2015;21:223-239
8. MalakiE: The prevalence of drug abuse and drug dependence among students in Zanjan.PhD
thesis, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, 2007.
9. BahreinianSA, GhaediGH, YasemiMT, SeghatoleslamT: Drug abuse among the students of the
ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences.2004; 53: 66-78.
10. McCabeS, KnightJ, TeterC: Non-medical use of prescription stimulants among US college
students: prevalence and correlates from a national survey”. University of Michigan, Substance
Abuse Research Center, Ann Arbor, MI, Harvard Medical School and Children’s Hospital
Boston, Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research, Boston, MA. 2004.
Published 30 Feb 2016
DOI: 10.1234.67/jmpr.1011
JMPR 2016,1 ,01-09
11. HawkinsD, CatatanoF, MillerJ: Risk and protective factor for alcohol and other drug problems in
adolescent and early adulthood. Psychol Bull. 1992; 1: 64-105.
12. HajebiA, FaridniaP, ZarifM: The effectiveness of education on knowledge and attitude toward
substance abuse in the region of South Pars Petrochemical Company. Journal of Occupational
Medicine Specialist. 2009; 1: 14-19.
13. SerajzadehH, FeiziA: Drug and alcohol use among students in public universities in 2001.
Journal of Social Welfare. 2007; 25: 85-110.
14. FathiY, BaratiM: Investigation of the abuse of tramadol and its associated factors in students
of three higher education centers in the city of Hamedan. Journal of Hamedan Medical Sciences,
2012, vol 18, no3.
15. SaeediSN, MoafaghG, SetayeshY: Benzodiazepine use pattern in the city of Mashhad. Journal of
Epidemiology. 2007; 7: 60-66.
16. MahdiF: High-risk behavior among students of city of Zanjan.Doctoral thesis. Zanjan University
of Medical Sciences, 2012.
17.WalshR A, SansonRW, RocheAM: Teaching medical students alcohol intervention skills: results
of a controlled trial.Medical Education. 1999; 8: 559–565.
How to Cite
Nobakht MD, M., & Ghoreishi MD, A. (2016). The Impact of Education on Knowledge and Attitude of Medical Students about the Abuse of Prescription Drugs in Iran. Journal of Medical Practice and Review, 1(01), 01-09. Retrieved from